In English vocabulary, social network is pronounced /ˌsəʊʃəlˈnɛtwɜːk/. This term established on the Net nowadays used to describe a kind of Website which provide feature so that users are able to construct profile, articulate relationship, and view and traverse community. The earliest use of this term in digital form found on a writing by Ben Hammersley, “Social networks: Click to the clique,” The Guardian, January 9, 2003,
Given the right knowledge of the people between us, I could probably plot a chain of people between myself — here in the depths of the Swedish countryside — and you, wherever you are. If such information was available, and it turned out it might be advantageous for us to chat, then we could ask each of the middlemen in turn for an introduction and get on with it. Or we could skip the middle guys altogether. That’s the idea of the growing number of social network sites on the net today.
In the non-digital form of social network, the earliest use of term ‘social network’ in the year 1976. At that form, it means using a network of people to exchange information, enhance job prospects, or otherwise further one’s career. It just faded from view. (McFedries, WordSpy.com) Nowadays, it has been spread over the globe. Following citation views that this word nowadays establish on the Net and integrated in social life. It is written by David Kirkpatrick, ‘Social networking sites see user decline,’ released by BBC.co.uk dated October 13, 2003
“We talk about it being the next little thing, rather than the next big thing,” said Alex Burmaster of Nielson Netratings, which measures website usage. He continued: “There are social networks like Where Are You Now, which is a travel social network. There’s a network called iMeem which is about music. There’s LinkedIn for business.
“These sorts of sites have had strong growth over the last year.
“This is perhaps where the strongest growth will lie in 2008.”
Another citation also which carries it found on VOA News. A news reported by Anjana Pasricha, “Nepal’s Youth Turn to Social Media in Constitution Campaign”, May 31, 2011 :
In Nepal, thousands of young Nepalese have launched a campaign, using social networking sites, to pressure political parties to draw up a new constitution for the country.
They are being mobilized through social network sites like Facebook. The campaign, “Nepal Unites,” has been triggered by deep anger with political parties, which have failed to reach a consensus and produce a new constitution.
In the case of formation, social network could be distinguished as a compound which applies a number principle of process. It includes three forms, social-networking is an adjective, social network stands for a noun and a verb, and social networker is a noun. In relevance to the theory of word structure, Brinton and Brinton (2010: 103) say compounds are externally modified whereas phrases may be internally modified. Considering the modification, social network is externally modified.
They emphasize that stress also offers the most reliable means of distinguishing a compound from a phrase. As a single word, a compound will carry only one primary stress. At first analysis of social network, it is introduced its pronunciation /səʊʃəlˈnɛtwɜːk/. Following how to pronounce, this word must be a compound with formulaic N-NN.